What are the different types of engine oil?

Mineral oil

Mineral oil: what is it and how does it work?

Mineral oil is one of the main categories of engine oils used in vehicles. It is made from crude oil, which is processed to extract the different components. Compared to other types of motor oils, mineral oil is considered the most basic and least refined.

Composition and properties of mineral oil

Mineral oil is made from a mineral base oil base, which is then mixed with specific additives to improve its properties. These additives may include detergents and dispersants to prevent deposit formation, oxidation inhibitors to prevent oil degradation, anti-friction agents to reduce wear, and viscosity agents to maintain oil stability. under varying temperature conditions.
Due to its less refined composition, mineral oil tends to contain more impurities and contaminants than other types of motor oil. However, it also has a greater ability to withstand high temperatures and provide protection against engine wear.

Advantages and disadvantages of mineral oil

There are several advantages to using mineral oil, including its lower cost compared to other types of engine oil. It is also more readily available and compatible with most engines. Additionally, mineral oil has good resistance to oxidation, meaning it has a longer lifespan before needing to be changed.
However, there are also some disadvantages associated with using mineral oil. Due to its less refined composition, it may degrade more quickly and require more frequent oil changes compared to other types of motor oil. Additionally, mineral oil tends to produce more deposits and sludge in the engine, which can affect long-term engine performance and life.

Recommended Use of Mineral Oil

Mineral oil is generally recommended for older vehicles or those subject to severe driving conditions, such as extremely high temperatures or prolonged use at high RPMs. It can also be used in engines that do not require a more refined oil.
It’s important to note that each car manufacturer may have its own engine oil recommendations, so it’s essential to check the owner’s manual before choosing the correct oil for your vehicle.

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Mineral oil is a basic and widely used type of engine oil. It provides adequate protection for many engines and has the advantage of being less expensive than more refined oils. However, it tends to break down more quickly and may require more frequent oil changes. For optimal performance, it is important to follow the vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations and choose the oil best suited to your engine’s needs.

Synthetic oil

Synthetic oil is a type of motor oil made from high-quality chemicals and synthetic substances. Unlike conventional mineral oil, which is extracted from crude oil, synthetic oil is produced through a controlled chemical reaction in the laboratory. This controlled manufacturing makes it possible to obtain a better quality oil and offering many advantages compared to other types of engine oils.

Benefits of synthetic oil

1. Better engine protection: Synthetic oil has better viscosity, which means it can better lubricate the moving parts of the engine. This reduces friction and wear, extending engine life.

2. High temperature resistance: Synthetic oil has better thermal stability than mineral oil. It can withstand extreme temperatures without degrading, allowing for better engine operation.

3. Better protection against corrosion: Synthetic oil contains special additives that protect the engine against corrosion. This helps keep internal engine components in good condition and prevent breakdowns.

4. Reduced fuel consumption: Thanks to its better viscosity, synthetic oil reduces internal engine friction and improves its fuel efficiency. This results in reduced fuel consumption and savings at the pump.

Different Types of Synthetic Oil

There are different types of synthetic oils on the market, each offering specific characteristics depending on the needs of the engine:

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Synthetic oil typeFeatures
100% synthetic oilMade entirely from synthetic chemicals, providing maximum performance.
Semi-synthetic synthetic oilBlend of synthetic oil and mineral oil, providing good performance at a lower cost.
High performance synthetic oilFormulated specifically for high performance engines, providing maximum protection.

When to use synthetic oil

It is recommended to use synthetic oil in engines requiring higher performance or in demanding driving conditions:

  • High performance engines
  • Turbo engines
  • Driving in extreme conditions (very high or very low temperatures)
  • City driving with frequent stops

However, it is important to check the vehicle’s owner’s manual for the manufacturer’s specific engine oil recommendations.

Synthetic oil is a wise choice for those looking to optimize the performance and life of their engine. Thanks to its many advantages, it offers better protection and better energy efficiency than other types of engine oils. Using synthetic oil can therefore help extend engine life and save fuel, making it a worthwhile long-term investment.

Semi-synthetic oil

Engine oil is an essential part of the proper functioning of a vehicle. Its role is to lubricate engine parts to reduce wear and friction, while protecting against corrosion and maintaining engine temperature at an optimal level. Among the different oils available in the market, semi-synthetic oil is a popular option. In this article we will explain to you what exactly semi-synthetic oil is and what its benefits are.

What is semi-synthetic oil?

Semi-synthetic oil is a blend of conventional base oil and synthetic oil. It combines the advantages of both types of oils to offer good performance at a reasonable cost. Conventional base oil is typically derived from crude oil, while synthetic oil is produced through a more advanced refining process.

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Semi-synthetic oil is formulated to provide superior high temperature protection and better viscosity stability compared to conventional oil. It also has better resistance to oxidation and a better ability to clean the engine by removing deposits and impurities. Semi-synthetic oil also provides better fuel economy and longer engine life.

Benefits of semi-synthetic oil

1. Better heat resistance: Semi-synthetic oil has better thermal stability compared to conventional oil. This means it is less likely to degrade under high temperatures, making it ideal for engines subject to demanding driving conditions.

2. Increased protection against wear: Thanks to its advanced formulation, semi-synthetic oil offers better protection against wear of engine parts. It reduces friction between moving parts, which helps extend engine life.

3. Superior Engine Cleaning: Semi-synthetic oil has a better ability to clean the engine by removing impurities and deposits. This keeps the engine clean and reduces the risk of damage from abrasive particles.

4. Extended Engine Life: By providing better protection and superior lubrication, semi-synthetic oil helps extend engine life. This means fewer costly repairs and better long-term reliability.

Recommended use of semi-synthetic oil

Semi-synthetic oil is suitable for most modern vehicles, but it is always recommended to consult the owner’s manual for the engine manufacturer’s recommended oil specifications. In general, semi-synthetic oil is suitable for gasoline, diesel and LPG engines.

It is important to follow the manufacturer’s recommended oil change intervals to maintain optimal engine performance and avoid potential damage.

Semi-synthetic oil is a smart choice for those seeking the benefits of synthetic oils at a more affordable price. Its advanced formulation provides better protection against wear, increased heat resistance and superior lubrication. It also helps keep the engine clean and extends its life. However, it is recommended to always refer to the owner’s manual for the engine manufacturer’s recommended oil specifications.

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